Meteorology and Hydrology

Meteorology and Hydrology


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Pages : 1388 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (18 users)

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Hydrometeorology

Hydrometeorology


Author : Kevin Sene
Publisher : Springer
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ISBN : 331923546X
Pages : 427 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (319 users)

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This second edition explores some of the latest techniques used to provide forecasts for a wide range of water-related applications in areas such as floods, droughts, water resources and environmental impacts. The practical uses can range from decisions on whether to issue a flood warning through to providing longer-term advice such as on when to plant and harvest crops or how to operate reservoirs for water supply and hydropower schemes. It provides an introduction to the topic for practitioners and researchers and useful background for courses in areas such as civil engineering, water resources, meteorology and hydrology. As in the first edition, the first section considers topics such as monitoring and forecasting techniques, demand forecasting and how forecasts are interpreted when issuing warnings or advice. Separate chapters are now included for meteorological and catchment monitoring techniques allowing a more in-depth discussion of topics such as weather radar and water quality observations. The chapters on meteorological and hydrological forecasting now include a greater emphasis on rainfall forecasting and ensemble and probabilistic techniques. Regarding the interpretation of forecasts, an updated chapter discusses topics such as approaches to issuing warnings and the use of decision support systems and risk-based techniques. Given the rapid pace of development in flash flood fore casting techniques, flash floods and slower responding riverine floods are now considered in separate chapters. This includes more detail on forecasting floods in large river basins and on methods for providing early warnings of debris flows, surface water flooding and ice jam and dam break floods. Later chapters now include more information on developing areas such as environmental modelling and seasonal flow forecasting. As before examples of operational systems are provided throughout and the extensive sets of references which were a feature of the first edition have been revised and updated. Key themes • floods • droughts • meteorological observations • catchment monitoring • meteorological forecasts • hydrological forecasts • demand forecasts • reservoirs • water resources • water quality • decision support • data assimilation • probabilistic forecasts Kevin Sene is a civil engineer and researcher with wide experience in flood risk management, water resources and hydrometeorology. He has previously published books on flood warning, forecasting and emergency response and flash floods (Springer 2008, 2013).


Climate and Hydrology of Mountain Areas

Climate and Hydrology of Mountain Areas


Author : Carmen de Jong
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN : 9780470858141
Pages : 356 pages
Rating Book: 4.5/5 (858 users)

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A comprehensive overview of interaction of the major hydrological and meteorological processes in mountain areas ie Cryosphere and Climatic Change, Snow Melt and Soil Water, Run-off and Floods, Water fluxes and Water Balance, Hydro-meteorological Coupling and Modelling. Each section will review recent research in the field and illustrate key interactions with case studies from mountainous regions in Europe, The Americas and Central Asia.


Land Surface Hydrology, Meteorology, and Climate

Land Surface Hydrology, Meteorology, and Climate


Author : Venkataraman Lakshmi
Publisher : American Geophysical Union
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ISBN :
Pages : 260 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (39 users)

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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Water Science and Application Series, Volume 3. Land surface hydrology integrates various physical, chemical and biological processes that occur above, on, and below the surface of the Earth. As a result, it is critical to accurately account for land surface processes within predictive models of hydrology, meteorology, and climate. One of our main difficulties, however, concerns the broad range of spatial and temporal scales that characterize land surface hydrological processes. For example, we determine infiltration by pore scale physics, while soil hydraulic conductivity remains a field scale property. Photosynthesis, respiration, and transpiration occur at the leaf scale. Runoff is a catchment scale process, and the variability of groundwater storage is a regional scale issue. Turbulence in land-atmosphere exchanges of heat, moisture, and momentum occur on the order of seconds to minutes, while variations in land surface and air temperatures occur much more gradually: on the order of hours. The persistence of floods and droughts is seasonal to annual, and so is the effect of El Nino on regional hydrology. Long-term climate effects occur much more slowly, on the order of years to decades.


Hydrometeorology

Hydrometeorology


Author : Christopher G. Collier
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN : 1118414942
Pages : 376 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (118 users)

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Hydrometeorology presents an introduction to relevant topics in the interdisciplinary fields of hydrology and meteorology. This book is one of the few books aiming to provide a balance between aspects of meteorological and hydrological processes. The transfer of energy and water between the land surface and lower atmosphere within the hydrological cycle is addressed followed by a description of the nature of precipitation, and how it is formed. Forecasting precipitation is reviewed on all scales, and the range of rainfall-runoff models and coastal surge models and forecasts (including tsunamis) which have been, and are being, used are discussed. The mechanisms of snow, ice (glacier, sea and tundra), evaporation and transpiration, how drought occurs and the representation of wind are described. How rainfall (including radar measurements) and river flow information is gathered and analysed (including, frequency analysis, Probable Maximum Precipitation and Flood) are presented. Satellite measurements of precipitation are discussed. Examples of major past floods and droughts are given. Past and future climate change, which is included, underpins the importance of hydro-meteorological processes. The structure of the general circulation of the atmosphere and how it influences weather and climate including the Hadley, Ferrel and Polar cells, the Trade winds and the El Nino, is outlined. Finally, the influence of urban areas on rainfall formation, dealing with urban drainage and air quality are described. Each chapter ends with one or two specific points as appendices, elements discussed in the chapter and a list of sample problems to aid understanding. Readership: This book is aimed at 3rd year undergraduate and postgraduate students on hydrology/hydrometeorology, environmental science and geography courses. Professionals in environmental protection agencies and consultancies will also find the book of great interest. It contains a balance of both the physics and mathematics which underpin such courses and activities.


Meteorologii︠a︡ i Gidrologii︠a︡

Meteorologii︠a︡ i Gidrologii︠a︡


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Pages : 658 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (31 users)

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Meteorology and Hydrology, USSR.

Meteorology and Hydrology, USSR.


Author : United States. Joint Publications Research Service
Publisher :
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ISBN :
Pages : 0 pages
Rating Book: 4.7/5 (71 users)

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Applied Hydrometeorology

Applied Hydrometeorology


Author : Pukhraj Rakhecha
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN : 140209843X
Pages : 399 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (42 users)

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Water is vital for life. Since the dawn of civilization, much effort has been made to harness sources of fresh water. Recent years have raised global awareness of the need for increasing demand of water worldwide, largely because of growing population, rising standard of living, higher demand for energy, and greater appreciation for environmental quality. As an example, the world population has increased threefold in the past five decades. In order to meet the rising water demand, water resources are being developed by building large dams, reservoirs, barrages and weirs across rivers worldwide. The guiding principle for water resources development has been to ensure adequate supply of water for agriculture, domestic use (including fine drinking water), waste disposal, industries, and energy production, with due attention to maintain the ecosystem functions. This development, however, depends on a holistic, cooperative and scientific approach. The basic inputs in the assessment of water resources for a given region are from hydrological data and the subject of hydrology forms the core in achieving sustainable development of water resources. Barring a few exceptions, hydrological data for most river basins are sparse and therefore it is difficult to comprehensively assess their water resources. The major source of water is rainfall which occurs as a result of condensation of atmospheric moisture governed by the science of meteorology.


Hydrology & Meteorology

Hydrology & Meteorology


Author : David Ambrose
Publisher :
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Pages : 148 pages
Rating Book: 4.O/5 ( users)

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Terrestrial Hydrometeorology

Terrestrial Hydrometeorology


Author : W. James Shuttleworth
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN : 1119951909
Pages : 340 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (119 users)

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Both hydrologists and meteorologists need to speak a common scientific language, and this has given rise to the new scientific discipline of hydrometeorology, which deals with the transfer of water and energy across the land/atmosphere interface. Terrestrial Hydrometeorology is the first graduate-level text with sufficient breadth and depth to be used in hydrology departments to teach relevant aspects of meteorology, and in meteorological departments to teach relevant aspects of hydrology, and to serve as an introductory text to teach the emerging discipline of hydrometeorology. The book will be essential reading for graduate students studying surface water hydrology, meteorology, and hydrometeorology. It can also be used in advanced undergraduate courses, and will be welcomed by academic and professional hydrologists and meteorologists worldwide. Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/shuttleworth/hydrometeorology.


Applications of Weather Radar Systems

Applications of Weather Radar Systems


Author : C. G. Collier
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
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ISBN :
Pages : 428 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (31 users)

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A guide to the ways in which radar is used to address practical problems in meteorology, hydrology, and the environmental sciences, this book supplies sufficient theory to explain how radars function. The emphasis is on the characteristics of the data obtained from radar and how this data can aid an understanding of specific real life applications. Applications include the accurate forecasting of rainfall and other severe weather, the use of radar data as an input for forecasting models, the understanding of the problems of airborne pollution, and how to specify and install radar systems at remote sites.


A Survey of Meteorological and Hydrological Data Available in Six Sahelian Countries of West Africa

A Survey of Meteorological and Hydrological Data Available in Six Sahelian Countries of West Africa


Author : E. G. Davy
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Pages : 134 pages
Rating Book: 4.L/5 ( users)

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Remote Sensing in Meteorology, Oceanography and Hydrology

Remote Sensing in Meteorology, Oceanography and Hydrology


Author : Arthur P. Cracknell
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Pages : 556 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (39 users)

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Based on material presented at postgraduate summer school held at University of Dundee, September 1980.


Organization of Hydrometeorological and Hydrological Services

Organization of Hydrometeorological and Hydrological Services


Author : World Meteorological Organization
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Pages : 74 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (312 users)

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Technical Translations

Technical Translations


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Pages : 1004 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (39 users)

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Indian Journal of Meteorology, Hydrology & Geophysics

Indian Journal of Meteorology, Hydrology & Geophysics


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Pages : 836 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (39 users)

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Progress in Modern Hydrology

Progress in Modern Hydrology


Author : John C. Rodda
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN : 1119074290
Pages : 408 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (119 users)

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Hydrology is vital to human civilisations as well as to natural ecosystems, yet it has only emerged as a distinct scientific discipline during the last 50 years or so. This book reviews the development of modern hydrology primarily through the experiences of the multidisciplinary team of scientists and engineers at Wallingford, near Oxford, who have been at the forefront of many of the developments in UK hydrological research. These topics include: • The development of basic understanding through the collection of data with specialised instrumentation in experimental basins • The study of extreme flows – both floods and droughts • The role moisture in the soil • Studies of the processes controlling evaporation • Water resource studies • Modelling and prediction of the extremes of flow improved • Understanding of water quality issues • A widening recognition of the importance of an ecosystem approach • Meeting the challenges of climate change, • Data handling • Future developments in hydrology and the pressures which generate them. Readership: hydrologists in both academia and a wide range of applied fields such as civil engineering, meteorology, geography and physics, as well as advanced students in earth science, environmental science and physical geography programmes worldwide.