Persons, Interests, and Justice

Persons, Interests, and Justice


Author : Nils Holtug
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date :
ISBN : 0191576832
Pages : 368 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (191 users)

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In our lives, we aim to achieve welfare for ourselves, that is, to live good lives. But we also have another, more impartial perspective, where we aim to balance our concern for our own welfare against a concern for the welfare of others. This is a perspective of justice. Nils Holtug examines these two perspectives and the relations between them. The first part of the book is concerned with prudence; more precisely, with what the necessary and sufficient conditions are for having a self-interest in a particular benefit. It includes discussions of the extent to which self-interest depends on preferences, personal identity, and what matters in survival. It also considers the issue of whether it can benefit (or harm) a person to come into existence and what the implications are for our theory of self-interest. A 'prudential view' is defended, according to which a person has a present self-interest in a future benefit if and only if she stands in a relation of continuous physical realization of (appropriate) psychology to the beneficiary, where the strength of the self-interest depends both on the size of the benefit and on the strength of this relation. The second part of the book concerns distributive justice and so how to distribute welfare or self-interest fulfilment over individuals. It includes discussions of welfarism, egalitarianism and prioritarianism, population ethics, the importance of personal identity and what matters for distributive justice, and the importance of all these issues for various topics in applied ethics, including the badness of death. Here, a version of prioritarianism is defended, according to which, roughly, the moral value of a benefit to an individual at a time depends on both the size of the benefit and on the individual's self-interest, at that time, in the other benefits that accrue to her at this and other times.


The Logical Deduction of Chinese Traditional Political Philosophy

The Logical Deduction of Chinese Traditional Political Philosophy


Author : Shiwei Zhang
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN : 9811643768
Pages : 623 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (811 users)

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This book presents a panoramic and extensive exploration of Chinese political philosophy, examining key political problems of the past, and the thinkers who addressed them. As the reader will discover, China’s traditional political philosophy is one with distinctive national characteristics and ideals. Therefore, the book helps to clarify the evolution of Chinese political thought, while also investigating fundamental political issues throughout the country’s history. The book offers a unique resource for researchers and graduate students in the fields of political science, philosophy, and history, as well as ordinary readers who are interested in China’s traditional and political culture.


State and the People

State and the People


Author : Lakshmeshwar Dayal
Publisher : Mittal Publications
Release Date :
ISBN : 9788170997023
Pages : 331 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (997 users)

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Setting Health-Care Priorities

Setting Health-Care Priorities


Author : Torbjörn Tännsjö
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 019094689X
Pages : 288 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (19 users)

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With much of the world's population facing restricted access to adequate medical care, how to allocate scarce health-care resources is a pressing question for governments, hospitals, and individuals. How do we decide where funding for health-care programs should go? Tannsjo here approaches the subject from a philosophical perspective, balancing theoretical treatments of distributive ethics with real-world examples of how health-care is administered around the world today. Tannsjo begins by laying out several popular ethical theories-utilitarianism, which recommends maximizing the best overall outcome; egalitarianism, which recommends smoothing out the differences between people as much as possible; and the maximin/leximin theory, which urges people to give absolute priority to those who are worst off. Tannsjo shows how, in abstract thought experiments, these theories come into conflict with each other and reveal puzzling implications. He goes on to argue, however, that when we consider health-care in the real-world, these theories all agree on a central point: in a well-ordered welfare state, more resources should be directed to the care and cure of people suffering from mental illness, and less to the marginal life extension of elderly patients. Tannsjo's book thus recommends a shift in spending to increase fairness and overall utility-while also recognizing that this kind of dispassionate suggestion, with its purely economic foundation, is unlikely to take hold in policy. Tannsjo's analysis is a case study in how ethical theories can sometimes lead to rational conclusions and recommendations that we are not prepared to accept.


Setting Health-Care Priorities

Setting Health-Care Priorities


Author : Torbjorn Tannsjo
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date :
ISBN : 0190946881
Pages : 232 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (19 users)

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With much of the world's population facing restricted access to adequate medical care, how to allocate scarce health-care resources is a pressing question for governments, hospitals, and individuals. How do we decide where funding for health-care programs should go? Tannsjo here approaches the subject from a philosophical perspective, balancing theoretical treatments of distributive ethics with real-world examples of how health-care is administered around the world today. Tannsjo begins by laying out several popular ethical theories-utilitarianism, which recommends maximizing the best overall outcome; egalitarianism, which recommends smoothing out the differences between people as much as possible; and the maximin/leximin theory, which urges people to give absolute priority to those who are worst off. Tannsjo shows how, in abstract thought experiments, these theories come into conflict with each other and reveal puzzling implications. He goes on to argue, however, that when we consider health-care in the real-world, these theories all agree on a central point: in a well-ordered welfare state, more resources should be directed to the care and cure of people suffering from mental illness, and less to the marginal life extension of elderly patients. Tannsjo's book thus recommends a shift in spending to increase fairness and overall utility-while also recognizing that this kind of dispassionate suggestion, with its purely economic foundation, is unlikely to take hold in policy. Tannsjo's analysis is a case study in how ethical theories can sometimes lead to rational conclusions and recommendations that we are not prepared to accept.


How to Motivate People

How to Motivate People


Author : Patrick Forsyth
Publisher : Kogan Page Publishers
Release Date :
ISBN : 0749460008
Pages : 160 pages
Rating Book: 4.4/5 (749 users)

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Staff are ever more demanding of their employers. They want to be consulted, appreciated and, more importantly, they want to enjoy their work. When staff are content they perform well, when they are motivated they perform even better. Managers are under increasing pressure to get results and their competence is judged on the combined performance of their whole team. How to Motivate People shows you how to inspire individuals or teams to develop. It clarifies the underlying principles for motivating staff to get results and maximise performance and sets out clear guidelines on how to reduce negativity; boost positive feelings; foster enthusiasm and involvement and focus effort on key issues.


Danish Yearbook of Philosophy vol. 38

Danish Yearbook of Philosophy vol. 38


Author : Finn Collin
Publisher : Museum Tusculanum Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 9788772899893
Pages : 125 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (899 users)

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The Danish Yearbook of Philosophy series publishes contributions in English, German and French. This series mainly publishes articles relating to Danish philosophy, or by authors with ties to Danish philosophy. Volume 38 includes articles such as: Privileged Access and Two Kinds of Semantic Externalism; Quasirealism or Minimalism?; The Ethics of Understanding; The Metaethical Foundations of Human Rights; and Egalitarianism and Repugnant Conclusions.


Law in the People's Republic of China

Law in the People's Republic of China


Author : Ralph Haughwout Folsom
Publisher : BRILL
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780792300557
Pages : 1108 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (3 users)

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The Cambridge Translations of Medieval Philosophical Texts: Volume 2, Ethics and Political Philosophy

The Cambridge Translations of Medieval Philosophical Texts: Volume 2, Ethics and Political Philosophy


Author : Norman Kretzmann
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780521280822
Pages : 664 pages
Rating Book: 4.8/5 (28 users)

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The long-awaited second volume, contains seventeen major texts in ethics and political thought.


Settle My Soul

Settle My Soul


Author : Karen Ehman
Publisher : Zondervan
Release Date :
ISBN : 0310095417
Pages : 256 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (31 users)

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Are your days full? Are you tired and craving quiet for your soul? You're not alone. If days filled with obligations and never-ending to-do lists leave you feeling anxious and overwhelmed, you can find the peace your soul longs for. In Settle My Soul, authors Karen Ehman and Ruth Schwenk invite you to carve out a few moments in your day to deepen your relationship with the Lord through 100 encouraging devotions. Karen and Ruth are women who understand all that you're juggling, and they desire for you to experience the refreshment that comes only from the Lord. Settle My Soul is the companion to the best-selling devotional Pressing Pause. With just a few minutes, you can connect with God, set aside your busyness and worries, center your thoughts on Him and His Word, and restore your peace of mind. Each devotional includes a brief but meaningful devotional message, applicable scripture, guided prayer, and reflection questions. Throughout the book you'll also find journaling pages for deeper reflection. Perfect gift for birthdays and Mother's Day. Over 100,000 copies sold! Settle My Soul was named the 2020 ECPA Christian Book Award winner for the Devotion and Gift category. Your life is loud. But if you will just press pause for a few minutes each day, you can discover what Jesus longs to give you: His peace.


Organizational Behavior Management

Organizational Behavior Management


Author : Seyed Mohammad Moghimi
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 1787696782
Pages : 272 pages
Rating Book: 4.8/5 (787 users)

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Seyed Mohammad Moghimi examines both the everyday and the theoretical insights offered by Islamic sources for managing organizational behavior. He takes a wide-ranging approach to key organizational issues, including organizational communication, organizational leadership, conflict management, and organizational culture and ethics.


Listen, Love, Repeat

Listen, Love, Repeat


Author : Karen Ehman
Publisher : Zondervan
Release Date :
ISBN : 0310339685
Pages : 256 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (31 users)

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Our culture is self-obsessed – in our schedules, relationships, and especially online. (Can you say selfie?) But in this near-narcissism, people are less content than in decades past. Why? Because we forgot the joy that comes from putting others first. Doing so requires us to live alert, listening for “heart drops,” hints from those in our lives who need a helping hand or a generous dose of encouragement. Living alert lifts our own spirits, showing us that blessing others blesses us even more. Listen, Love, Repeat offers biblical teaching and suggests doable actions that are simple, heart-tugging, sentimental, even sneaky and hilarious. This message: • Presents scriptural examples of those who lived alert, including Jesus, who noticed those who least expected to be seen. • Explains the role of good works for followers of Christ. They aren’t our ticket to heaven but they are our marching orders on earth. • Gives creative ideas for showing love to friends and family, and suggests practical ways to reach out to the lonely, the marginalized, the outcast, and the odd duck. Additionally, it helps you comfort the grieving, showing what you can do when you don’t know what to say. • Provides inspiration for blessing the “necessary people” in your life, those often-overlooked souls who help you get life done every day, and teaches you how to hug a porcupine by genuinely loving the hard-to-love. As we scatter love, we create a safe space where we can openly share the gospel. We get to see lives changed right before our eyes. Most importantly, Listen, Love, Repeat will enable you to live a life that is full of kind deeds, not to selfishly shout, “Hey! Look at me!” but to humbly implore, “Will you look at Him?”


Utility, Progress, and Technology: Proceedings of the 15th Conference of the International Society for Utilitarian Studies

Utility, Progress, and Technology: Proceedings of the 15th Conference of the International Society for Utilitarian Studies


Author : Schefczyk, Michael
Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 3731511088
Pages : 382 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (731 users)

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This volume collects selected papers delivered at the 15th Conference of the International Society for Utilitarian Studies, which was held at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology in July 2018. It includes papers dealing with the past, present, and future of utilitarianism – the theory that human happiness is the fundamental moral value – as well as on its applications to animal ethics, population ethics, and the future of humanity, among other topics.


Rules of the Game

Rules of the Game


Author : Mark S. Homan
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1351664220
Pages : 264 pages
Rating Book: 4.5/5 (351 users)

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Concise, empowering, and inspirational, this introduction to promoting change offers practical knowledge, and features more than 150 guidelines brought to life with down-to-earth, often humorous language. Replete with the wisdom of more than four decades of experience in the field, Mark S. Homan demystifies the community change process by providing nuts-and-bolts rules for success, including eight essential steps for building an organized change effort. Homan’s outline for community change is invaluable in any setting, from grassroots organizations to governments or community agencies. Writing in a conversational, informal style, Homan leads readers through the basic things they need to know about themselves, about others, and about the change process itself. As they put these ideas into action, they will identify skills, attitudes, and choices important to their success as a change agent in the community.


An A to Z Practical Guide to Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties

An A to Z Practical Guide to Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties


Author : Harry Ayers
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1134134983
Pages : 244 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (134 users)

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The aim of this practical and user-friendly A to Z handbook is to enable the interested reader to gain quick and easy access to entries relating to or associated with emotional and behavioral difficulties. It focuses on adult problems as well as those of children and adolescents. The entries clearly and succinctly define and explain emotional behavioral terms and some of the different ways in which emotional and behavioral problems can be approached or treated. Where appropriate, entries are accompanied by a brief bibliography. Useful addresses and contact phone numbers are also provided where appropriate. This guide is useful for all teachers, mentors, social workers, educational social workers, educational psychologists, counselors, care workers, students and other professionals and voluntary workers in allied fields. It will also be of interest to parents and carers.


Labor-Health, Education, and Welfare Appropriations for 1954, Hearings Before the Subcommittee of ... , 83-1 on H.R. 5246

Labor-Health, Education, and Welfare Appropriations for 1954, Hearings Before the Subcommittee of ... , 83-1 on H.R. 5246


Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Appropriations Committee. 260:
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN :
Pages : 1553 pages
Rating Book: 4.O/5 ( users)

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Hearings

Hearings


Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN :
Pages : pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (39 users)

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