Bentham's Prison : A Study of the Panopticon Penitentiary

Bentham's Prison : A Study of the Panopticon Penitentiary


Author : Janet Semple
Publisher : Clarendon Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0191590819
Pages : 354 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (191 users)

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At the end of the eighteenth century, Jeremy Bentham devised a scheme for a prison that he called the panopticon. It soon became an obsession. For twenty years he tried to build it; in the end he failed, but the story of his attempt offers fascinating insights into both Bentham's complex character and the ideas of the period. Basing her analysis on hitherto unexamined manuscripts, Janet Semple chronicles Bentham's dealings with the politicians as he tried to put his plans into practice. She assesses the panopticon in the context of penal philosophy and eighteenth-century punishment and discusses it as an instrument of the modern technology of subjection as revealed and analysed by Foucault. Her entertainingly written study is full of drama: at times it is hilariously funny, at others it approaches tragedy. It illuminates a subject of immense historical importance and which is particularly relevant to modern controversies about penal policy.


The Panopticon Writings

The Panopticon Writings


Author : Jeremy Bentham
Publisher : Verso Books
Release Date :
ISBN : 1844676668
Pages : 168 pages
Rating Book: 4.4/5 (844 users)

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The Panopticon project for a model prison obsessed the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham for almost 20 years. In the end, the project came to nothing; the Panopticon was never built. But it is precisely this that makes the Panopticon project the best exemplification of Bentham’s own theory of fictions, according to which non-existent fictitious entities can have all too real effects. There is probably no building that has stirred more philosophical controversy than Bentham’s Panopticon. The Panopticon is not merely, as Foucault thought, “a cruel, ingenious cage”, in which subjects collaborate in their own subjection, but much more—constructing the Panopticon produces not only a prison, but also a god within it. The Panopticon is a machine which on assembly is already inhabited by a ghost. It is through the Panopticon and the closely related theory of fictions that Bentham has made his greatest impact on modern thought; above all, on the theory of power. The Panopticon writings are frequently cited, rarely read. This edition contains the complete “Panopticon Letters”, together with selections from “Panopticon Postscript I” and “Fragment on Ontology”, Bentham’s fullest account of fictions. A comprehensive introduction by Miran Bozovic explores the place of Panopticon in contemporary theoretical debate.


The Britannia Panopticon Music Hall and Cosmopolitan Entertainment Culture

The Britannia Panopticon Music Hall and Cosmopolitan Entertainment Culture


Author : Paul Maloney
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN : 1137476591
Pages : 273 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (137 users)

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Focusing on Glasgow’s earliest surviving music hall, the Britannia, later the Panopticon, this book explores the role of one of the city’s most iconic cultural venues within the cosmopolitan entertainment market that emerged in British cities in the nineteenth century. Shedding light on the increasing diversity of commercial entertainment provided by such venues – offering everything from music hall, early cinema and amateur nights to waxworks, menageries and freak shows – this study also encompasses the model of community-based, working-class music hall which characterised the Panopticon’s later years, challenging narratives of the primacy of city centre variety. Providing a comprehensive analysis of this dynamic popular theatre of the industrial age, Maloney examines the role of the hall’s managers, marketing and promotional strategies, audiences, and performing genres from the hall’s opening in 1859 until final closure in 1938. The book also explores stage representations of Irish and Jewish immigrant communities present in surrounding city centre areas, demonstrating the Britannia’s diasporic links to other British cities and centres in North America, thus providing a multifaceted and pioneering account of this still extant Victorian music hall.


The Panoptic Sort

The Panoptic Sort


Author : Oscar H. Gandy Jr.
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0197579418
Pages : 352 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (197 users)

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The Panoptic Sort was published in 1993. Its focus was on privacy and surveillance. But unlike the majority of publications addressing these topics in the United States at the time that were focused on the privacy concerns of individuals, especially those related to threats associated with government surveillance, that book sought to direct public toward the activities of commercial firms. It was highly critical of the failure of scholars and political activists to pay sufficient attention to the threats to individual autonomy, collective agency, and the exercise of social responsibility. The Panoptic Sort was intended to help us all to understand just what was at stake when the bureaucracies of government and commerce gathered, processed, and made use of an almost unlimited amount of personal, and transaction-generated information to manage social, economic, and political activities within society. It argued that unlike Foucault's panoptic prison, which involved continual, all-encompassing surveillance, the panoptic systems being developed at that time were turning their attention toward the development of techniques for the identification and classification of disciplinary subjects into distinct groups in ways that would increase the efficiency with which the techniques of "correct training" could be applied to those group members. While the first edition provided numerous examples from marketing, employment, insurance, credit management, and the provision of government and social services, the second edition extends descriptions of the technologies that have been developed and incorporated into the panoptic sort in the nearly 30 years since its initial publication. In addition, it places these technological advances and systemic expansions into the context of quite significant transformations in the nature of capitalism. In addition to the massive expansion in the amount of data and information being gathered, processed, and distributed for use by corporations, government agencies, and newly developing public-private partnerships, advances in artificial intelligence and machine learning have placed the development of autonomous devices into positions of power that had barely been imagined in the past. Assessments of the implications for democracy that many associate with the possibility of an algorithmic Leviathan, invite a reconsideration of Jacques Ellul's distressing predictions about the future that ended the first edition of The Panoptic Sort.


Contemporary Panopticism. Current Social Control

Contemporary Panopticism. Current Social Control


Author : Azher Aslam
Publisher : Anchor Academic Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 3954894874
Pages : 44 pages
Rating Book: 4.5/5 (954 users)

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The growth in surveillance has been a component of the growth of contemporary society. However, due to advances in information technology and the rise of greater links in communication there are other forms of surveillance, such as the internet and social media, which complicate methods of social control. The mix of advanced technologies supported by sufficient data management systems used by governmental agencies and corporate groups has provided a more undistinguishable and more powerful means of surveillance. Modes of social control have now developed into systems of control where an individual can be empowered and empower others. Living in a society where every movement, whether online or while shopping on the local high street, can be monitored and scrutinized leads to an environment where intrusion becomes an integral part of modern life. A life of surveillance is therefore sure to prevail. This book discusses how contemporary surveillance has elements of the principles of panopticism in its processes. The discourse suggests that contemporary forms of control have some elements of discipline. However, principles of constant observation with constant scrutiny are highlighted to be a significant aspect of contemporary surveillance processes. Furthermore, the book highlights that contemporary surveillance, where data is power and having knowledge about individuals and groups by governmental agencies and corporations extends this power, collects its information reminiscent of panopticism.


Punishment and Culture

Punishment and Culture


Author : Philip Smith
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0226766101
Pages : 219 pages
Rating Book: 4.2/5 (226 users)

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Philip Smith attacks the comfortable notion that punishment is about justice, reason and law. Instead, he argues that punishment is an essentially irrational act founded in ritual as a means to control evil without creating more of it in the process.


Communication Theory Today

Communication Theory Today


Author : David J. Crowley
Publisher : Stanford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780804723473
Pages : 312 pages
Rating Book: 4.2/5 (723 users)

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This state-of-the-art overview reflects the rich variety of approaches and disciplines embraced by contemporary communication studies. The book consists of thirteen original essays by some of the most prominent communication scholars, including Ien Ang, Deidre Boden, David Crowley, James M. Collins, Klaus Krippendorff, William Leiss, Denis McQuail, William Melody, Joshua Meyrowitz, David Mitchell, Mark Poster, Majid Tehranian, John B. Thompson and Teun A. van Dijk.


Space, Knowledge and Power

Space, Knowledge and Power


Author : Jeremy W. Crampton
Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780754646556
Pages : 398 pages
Rating Book: 4.4/5 (646 users)

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The first to engage Foucault's geographies in detail from a wide range of perspectives, this book is framed around his discussions with the journal Hérodote in the mid 1970s. The contributors (including a number of key figures such as David Harvey, Chris Philo, Sara Mills, Nigel Thrift, John Agnew, Thomas Flynn and Matthew Hannah) discuss just what they find valuable - and frustrating - about Foucault's geographies. This is a book which will both surprise and challenge.


Window Shopping

Window Shopping


Author : Anne Friedberg
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780520915510
Pages : 310 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (915 users)

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Departing from those who define postmodernism in film merely as a visual style or set of narrative conventions, Anne Friedberg develops the first sustained account of the cinema's role in postmodern culture. She explores the ways in which nineteenth-century visual experiences—photography, urban strolling, panorama and diorama entertainments—anticipate contemporary pleasures provided by cinema, video, shopping malls, and emerging "virtual reality" technologies. Comparing the visual practices of shopping, tourism, and film-viewing, Friedberg identifies the experience of "virtual" mobility through time and space as a key determinant of postmodern cultural identity. Evaluating the theories of Jameson, Lyotard, Baudrillard, and others, she adds critical insights about the role of gender and gender mobility in the configurations of consumer culture. A strikingly original work, Window Shopping challenges many of the existing assumptions about what exactly postmodern is. This book marks the emergence of a compelling new voice in the study of contemporary culture.


The Portfolio and the Diagram

The Portfolio and the Diagram


Author : Hyungmin Pai
Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780262162067
Pages : 383 pages
Rating Book: 4.6/5 (162 users)

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A history of modern architecture as a discursive practice.


Beyond Foucault

Beyond Foucault


Author : Ms Anne Brunon-Ernst
Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date :
ISBN : 1409482936
Pages : 246 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (49 users)

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In his hugely influential book Discipline and Punish, Foucault used the example of Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon prison as a means of representing the transition from the early modern monarchy to the late modern capitalist state. In the former, power is visibly exerted, for instance by the destruction of the body of the criminal, while in the latter power becomes invisible and focuses on the mind of the subject, in order to identify, marginalize, and 'treat' those who are regarded as incapable of participating in, or unwilling to submit to, the disciplines of production. The Panopticon links the worlds of Bentham and Foucault scholars yet they are often at cross-purposes; with Bentham scholars lamenting the ways in which Foucault is perceived to have misunderstood panopticon, and Foucauldians apparently unaware of the complexities of Bentham's thought. This book combines an appreciation of Bentham's broader project with an engagement of Foucault's insights on economic government to go beyond the received reading of panopticism as a dark disciplinary technology of power. Scholars here offer new ways of understanding the Panopticon projects through a wide variety of topics including Bentham's plural Panopticons and their elaboration of schemes of 'panoptic Utopia', the 'inverted Panopticon', 'panoptic governance', 'political panopticism' and 'legal panopticism'. French studies on the Panopticon are groundbreaking and this book brings this research to an English-speaking audience for the first time. It is essential reading, not only for those studying Bentham and Foucault, but also those with an interest in intellectual history of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and those studying contemporary surveillance and society.


The Disciplinary Frame

The Disciplinary Frame


Author : John Tagg
Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0816642877
Pages : 392 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (816 users)

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How do photographs gain their meaning and power? John Tagg claims that, to answer this question, we must look at the ways in which everything that frames photography - the discourse that surrounds it and the institutions that circulate it - determines what counts as truth.


Philosophical Perspectives on Computer-Mediated Communication

Philosophical Perspectives on Computer-Mediated Communication


Author : Charles Ess
Publisher : SUNY Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780791428719
Pages : 319 pages
Rating Book: 4.2/5 (428 users)

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The rush to the Information Superhighway and the transition to an Information Age have enormous political, ethical, and religious consequences. The essays collected here develop both interdisciplinary and international perspectives on privacy, critical thinking and literacy, democratization, gender, religion, and the very nature of the revolution promised in cyberspace. These essays are essential reading for anyone who wants to better understand and reflect upon these events and issues.


Schools Under Surveillance

Schools Under Surveillance


Author : Torin Monahan
Publisher : Rutgers University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780813548265
Pages : 264 pages
Rating Book: 4.4/5 (548 users)

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Schools under Surveillance gathers together some of the very best researchers studying surveillance and discipline in contemporary public schools. Surveillance is not simply about monitoring or tracking individuals and their dataùit is about the structuring of power relations through human, technical, or hybrid control mechanisms. Essays cover a broad range of topics including police and military recruiters on campus, testing and accountability regimes such as No Child Left Behind, and efforts by students and teachers to circumvent the most egregious forms of surveillance in public education. Each contributor is committed to the continued critique of the disparity and inequality in the use of surveillance to target and sort students along lines of race, class, and gender.


Management Accounting and Control Systems

Management Accounting and Control Systems


Author : Norman B. Macintosh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN : 0470714476
Pages : 384 pages
Rating Book: 4.7/5 (47 users)

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Management accounting and control deals with administrative devices which organizations use to control their managers and employees. Management accounting systems are a very important part used to motivate, monitor, measure, and sanction, the actions of managers and employees in organizations. Management Accounting and Control Systems 2nd Edition is about the design and working of management accounting and control from an organizational and sociological perspective. It focuses on how control systems are used to influence, motivate, and control what people do in organizations. The second edition of the book takes into account the need for a general update of the content and a change in the structure of the original text, and some of the comments received by the external reviewers


Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies

Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies


Author : David Lyon
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 0415588839
Pages : 437 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (415 users)

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Surveillance is a central organizing practice. Gathering personal data and processing them in searchable databases drives administrative efficiency but also raises questions about security, governance, civil liberties and privacy. Surveillance is both globalized in cooperative schemes, such as sharing biometric data, and localized in the daily minutiae of social life. This innovative Handbook explores the empirical, theoretical and ethical issues around surveillance and its use in daily life. With a collection of over forty essays from the leading names in surveillance studies, the Handbook takes a truly multi-disciplinary approach to critically question issues of: surveillance and population control policing, intelligence and war production and consumption new media security identification regulation and resistance. The Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies is an international, accessible, definitive and comprehensive overview of the rapidly growing multi-disciplinary field of surveillance studies. The Handbook's direct, authoritative style will appeal to a wide range of scholars and students in the social sciences, arts and humanities.


Examining the Roles of IT and Social Media in Democratic Development and Social Change

Examining the Roles of IT and Social Media in Democratic Development and Social Change


Author : Kumar, Vikas
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date :
ISBN : 1799817938
Pages : 384 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (799 users)

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Social media has emerged as a powerful tool that reaches a wide audience with minimum time and effort. It has a diverse role in society and human life and can boost the visibility of information that allows citizens the ability to play a vital role in creating and fostering social change. This practice can have both positive and negative consequences on society. Examining the Roles of IT and Social Media in Democratic Development and Social Change is a collection of innovative research on the methods and applications of social media within community development and democracy. While highlighting topics including information capitalism, ethical issues, and e-governance, this book is ideally designed for social workers, politicians, public administrators, sociologists, journalists, policymakers, government administrators, academicians, researchers, and students seeking current research on social advancement and change through social media and technology.